Some of the common flour and substitutes used in baking, will add more to the list soon. Also Tell me if you are looking for a specific one and I will add it, sometimes it just difficult to remember it off hand that what all might be needed.
Cake Flour – 7/8 cup all-purpose flour plus 2 tbsp cornstarch (sift it 3-4 times) = 1 cup cake flour.
Self Raising Flour – 1 cup maida + 1tsp baking powder + 1/2 tsp salt sifted together twice – 1 cup self raising flour.
Butter Milk – 1 tbsp white vinegar or lemon juice with 1 cup milk, let stand 5 minutes.
Strong Bread Flour – 1 cup flour + 1 tbsp edible gluten = 1 cup strong bread flour.
Sour Cream – 1 cup yoghurt + 1tsp baking soda – 1 cup sour cream.
Half and Half Cream – 3/4 cup whole milk plus +1/4 cup heavy cream+ 1 tsp butter = 1 cup half and half cream.
Evaporated Milk 1 cup nonfat dry milk powder + 3/4 cup lukewarm water = 1 cup evaporated milk.